第十三期 fNIRS Journal Club 通知 2020/10/24,10am

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华东师范大学李琳教授

北京时间2020年10月24日周六上午10点, 华东师范大学青少年健康评价与运动干预教育部重点实验室、华东师范大学体育与健康学院李琳教授将为大家讲解她们今年发表的一篇用近红外超扫描揭示团体体育运动(篮球)增强合作行为的文章。欢迎大家参加并参与讨论。

时间: 北京时间2020年10月24日周六上午10点
地点: https://zoom.com
房间号: 865 4354 8112
密码: 497127

她要讲解的文献如下:

Li, Wang, Luo, Zhang, Zhang, Li (2020) Interpersonal Neural Synchronization During Cooperative Behavior of Basketball Players: A fNIRS-Based Hyperscanning Study Frontiers in human neuroscience 14() 169

Abstract

Accumulating evidence has consistently shown that team-based sports (such as basketball) are beneficial to interpersonal cooperation. However, its neural correlate remains to be discovered, especially in the perspective of two-person neuroscience. In this study, 12 dyads of basketball players and 12 dyads of college students who had no experience of team-based sports training were asked to perform joint-drawing task and control task. During task performance, neural activities were recorded in frontal area by the functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS)-based hyperscanning approach. The results demonstrated that dyads of basketball players were faster to finish joint-drawing task and showed higher subjective cooperativeness than dyads of college students. Meanwhile, significant interpersonal neural synchronization (INS) was observed in the dorsolateral prefrontal area only when pairs of basketball players performed joint-drawing task, but not control task. Therefore, we provide the first piece of inter-brain evidence for enhanced cooperative behavior in the individuals with team-based sports training, which could make us deeply understand exact neural correlate for experience-dependent changes of cognitions in humans. Copyright © 2020 Li, Wang, Luo, Zhang, Zhang and Li.

越来越多的证据表明基于团体的运动(比如篮球)更有利于人的合作,但其神经机制尚未发现,特别是在两人合作的神经机制方面。本研究要求12对篮球运动员(实验组)和12对没有团队训练经验的大学生(对照组)执行联合绘图任务和控制任务,并采用fNIRS超扫描技术在额叶区域记录了神经活动。结果表明,与没有团体经验的大学生相比,篮球运动员更快地完成了绘图任务,并表现出更强的主观合作性。同时,比起控制任务,篮球运动员只有在完成联合绘图任务时,才能在背外侧前额叶区域观察到明显的脑间活动同步性(INS)。因此,通过基于团队运动训练的研究为增强个体的合作提供了大脑间的第一证据,这可以使我们深入了解与人类经验相关的认知变化的确切神经相关性。


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